Europe Territories

An Alderney common blue butterfly on a bracken leaf; Copyright: Alderney Wildlife Trust


Alderney is the northernmost of the Channel Islands. The Alderney Wildlife Trust helps to maintain two nature reserves and the island's Wetland of International Importance under the Ramsar Convention officially known as 'Alderney West Coast and Burhou Islands', which was designated in 2005. Read more

Flamingoes feeding in Cyprus Sovereign Base Areas; Copyright: Michael Gore FRPS

Cyprus Sovereign Base Areas

Mediterranean wildlife: Akrotiri salt lake provides a wintering area for up to 30,000 greater flamingos, and is an important staging area for cranes, migrant waders, and birds of prey, in particular. Rare endemic orchids and various reptiles and amphibians are also found within the Bases, as well as many migrant songbirds. Read More


Gibraltar: A crossroads for Wildlife. A Mediterranean wildlife community survives on the impressive limestone cliffs and slopes with their scrub, patches of woodland, caves, and rocky shoreline, as well as in the sea. In spring and autumn, millions of migrating birds pass over the rock en route to their breeding and wintering grounds. Read more

Glanville fritillary butterfly. By Charlesjsharp (Own work, from Sharp Photography, sharpphotography), CC BY-SA 4.0, Source, via Wikimedia Commons.


Guernsey: With its mild climate, Guernsey boasts nearly 2000 species of plants which, in turn, support a diverse range of invertebrates. Many of these are absent from the UK. Guernsey features dramatic cliffs, with nesting seabirds including puffins, steep wooded valleys running down to the sea, and quiet, rural lanes. The characteristic earth-bank hedgerows hold endemics such as Guernsey vole, greater white-toothed shrew & Guernsey fern. Read more

Isle of Man

The Isle sits within a rich marine ecosystem supporting basking sharks amongst other diverse marine life. Terrestrial ecosystems range from hill-land to coastal heath. Much of these and the intervening agricultural land retains elements of traditional farming methods, important for orchids and the chough, a bird now restricted to certain uplands and coastal fringes of Europe. Read more

Jersey orchid Anacamptis laxiflora. By Rolf Thum - eigene Aufnahme von Rolf Thum, CC BY-SA 3.0, Source.


Jersey: Norman island in one of the world's greatest tidal ranges: Jersey's biodiversity is noteworthy . Owing to the large tidal range (up to 12m), the land area increases 40% to 163 km2 at low tide. On the southeast coast there is a large, intertidal area designated (with other areas too) as a Ramsar Convention Wetland of International Importance which is rich in bird-life and other marine fauna and flora. Read more

By Man vyi (Self-photographed) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons. Source,


Dark Sky Island: In 2015, Sark became the first Dark Sky Island. The lack of artificial light makes for exceptional nighttime sky watching. Non-intensive agricultural practices have enabled Sark to maintain a rich floristic diversity. Over 160 species of flowering plant are found on the island. Read more